Human tail- a rare anatomical mystery: A case report

Authors

  • Asrar Ahmad
  • Masooma Hasnain Bangash
  • Irum Saleem

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46831/jpas.v1i1.3

Keywords:

Lumbosacral, Coccygeal, Lipoma, Teratoma

Abstract

Background: Human tails are rare entities and can be classified as true tails and pseudotails. True tails are composed of adipose tissue, connective tissue, muscles, vessels, nerves and mechanoreceptors whereas pseudotails may be an anomalous prolongation of the coccygeal vertebra, lipoma, teratoma, chondrodystrophy or parasitic fetus.

Case Report: A 3-month-old male baby had a tail like appendage since birth which was gradually increasing in size. After complete workup, an elective resection was done under general anesthesia. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.

Conclusion: Surgical excision of the tail is the ultimate and may be the only surgical intervention required in these patients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Kansal R, Agrawal N, Khare S, Khare A, Jain S, Singhal BM. Newborn with a tail – A genetic throwback. Peoples J Sci Res 2010;3:15-7.

Zimmer EZ, Bronshtein M. Early sonographic findings suggestive of human fetal tail. Prenat Diagn. 1996;16:360–2

Shad J, Biswas R. An infant with caudal appendage. BMJ Case Rep. 2012; 2012:bcr1120115160.

Kabra NS, Srinivasan G, Udani RH. True tail in a neonate. Indian Pediatr. 1999;36:712–3.

Naithottu G N, Annigeri VM, Kalavant B A, Halgeri AB. A true tale of a false tail: A rare case of vestigial tail with spina bifida. J Neonatal Surg. 2017;6:81

Giri PJ, Chavan VS. Human tail: A benign condition hidden out of social stigma and shame in young adult – A case report and review. Asian J Neurosurg 2019;14:1-4

Cai C, Shi O, Shen C. Surgical treatment of a patient with human tail and multiple abnormalities of the spinal cord and column. Adv Orthop. 2011;2011:153797.

Bartel S. Die geschwaanzten Menschen. Arch Anthropol Brnschwg. 1884;15:45–132.

Dao AH, Netsky MG. Human tails and pseudotails. Hum Pathol 1984;15:449-53

Lu FL, Wang PJ, Teng RJ, Yau KI. The human tail. Pediatr Neurol.1998;19:230–3.

Wilkinson CC, Boylan AJ. Proposed caudal appendage classification system; spinal cord tethering associated with sacrococcygeal eversion. Childs Nerv Syst. 2017;33:69–89.

Guggisberg D, Hadj-Rabia S, Viney C, et al. Skin Markers of Occult Spinal Dysraphism in Children: A Review of 54 Cases. Arch Dermatol. 2004;140:1109-15.

Sarmast AH, Showkat HI, Mir SF, Ahmad SR, Bhat AR, Kirmani AR. Human born with a tail: A case report. SAJCH. 2013; 7:38-9.

Published

2020-06-16 — Updated on 2020-07-10

How to Cite

1.
Ahmad A, Bangash MH, Saleem I. Human tail- a rare anatomical mystery: A case report. J Pediatr Adolesc Surg [Internet]. 2020Jul.10 [cited 2020Oct.28];1(1):44-6. Available from: http://jpedas.org/ojs/index.php/jpedas/article/view/3
Share |