Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery 2021-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Prof. Dr. Muhammad Saleem Open Journal Systems <p> <img src="" alt="Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery" width="400" height="577" /></p> <p><strong>Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery</strong> (<a title="Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery" href=""></a>) a peer-reviewed and open access hybrid medium journal published both as an electronic and print version. The journal publishes original research articles, Systematic reviews, Meta-analysis, Narrative reviews, Evidence-based reports, Short communications, Case reports, Letter to the editor, Clinical images, Radiology quiz, etc. Detail of these publication types can be seen in <a title="Download" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Instruction to Authors</a>. Every manuscript will be peer-reviewed before reaching any decision. Please see the Peer review policy of the journal.</p> Rectal duplication cyst mimicking rectal prolapse: A case report 2020-07-03T06:38:59+00:00 Asrar Ahmad Eelaf Karar Irum saleem Nisar Ahmad <p><strong>Background:</strong> Gastrointestinal tract duplications are rare congenital malformations that are benign, presenting usually in childhood. Most common sites include the distal ileum and esophagus. Rectal presentation is quite uncommon and is usually cystic.</p> <p><strong>Case Presentation:</strong> This is a case of a 3-year-old boy who came with rectal prolapse. On further examination and imaging investigations, a presacral cyst was located and a diagnosis of rectal duplication was made. The cyst was completely excised by a posterior sagittal approach.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Rectal duplication is a rare entity that may simulate a rectal prolapse.</p> 2021-01-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Asrar Ahmad, Eelaf Karar, Irum saleem, Nisar Ahmad A newborn with anterolateral diaphragmatic defect: An unusual anomaly? 2020-08-26T22:27:29+00:00 A. Mohamed Shankar S Abid Qazi <p><strong>Background:</strong> Anterolateral defect of diaphragm is unusual and has been reported less than 5 times in literature.</p> <p><strong>Case Presentation:</strong> We are reporting a case with typical initial presentation of a congenital diaphragmatic hernia. A chest x-ray raised suspicion of a cystic lesion or diaphragmatic eventration which was excluded by chest ultrasound. At operation he was found to have a localised and large anterolateral defect with a very thick sac which was plicated to bridge the diaphragmatic defect.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>A rare variant and should be differentiated from other variants using imaging.</p> 2021-01-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 A. Mohamed, Shankar S, Abid Qazi Percutaneous cystolithotripsy in the reconstructed bladder of cloacal exstrophy: A case report 2020-07-26T01:03:03+00:00 Eiji Hisamatsu Kanae Koyama Kaoru Yoshino <p>Background: Bladder stones are common after bladder augmentation. The management of bladder stones is challenging, especially in patients who underwent complex urinary tract reconstruction.</p> <p>Case Presentation: We report our experience of percutaneous cystolithotripsy after bladder neck closure, creation of a catheterizable channel, and ileal bladder augmentation in a girl with cloacal exstrophy.</p> <p>Conclusion: Percutaneous cystolithotripsy is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment option for bladder stones after bladder neck closure and the creation of a continent catheterizable channel.</p> 2021-01-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Eiji Hisamatsu, Kanae Koyama, Kaoru Yoshino Postoperative gastric Outlet Obstruction following hiatal hernia repair in an infant: A case report 2020-11-16T17:20:28+00:00 Dr Muhammad Jawad Afzal Shabbir Ahmad Farrakh Mehmood Satar Sajid Iqbal Nayyer Muhammad Bilal Mirza Nabila Talat <p>Background: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is an exceedingly rare cause of postoperative emesis in a case of hiatal hernia. Occasionally it may simulate other etiology of gastric outlet obstruction.</p> <p>Case Presentation: A 32-day-old male baby presented with respiratory distress and vomiting since birth. Diagnosis of eventration of left hemi diaphragm was made on CT Chest. At surgery, hiatal hernia with an intrathoracic stomach was found, which was repaired. On 5th postoperative day, the baby developed vomiting after feeding which gradually turned to be projectile in nature over a week. Contrast meal performed showed malpositioned stomach with delayed emptying. At re-operation, a well-formed olive of pylorus was encountered; Ramstedt pyloromyotomy was done. Postoperative course remained uneventful.</p> <p>Conclusion: IHPS is a rarely described association with hiatal hernia. Pyloric stenosis should be considered in differential diagnoses of postoperative emesis in infants with hiatal hernia.</p> 2021-01-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Muhammad Jawad Afzal, Shabbir Ahmad, Farrakh Mehmood Satar, Sajid Iqbal Nayyer, Muhammad Bilal Mirza, Nabila Talat Congenital laryngeal cyst causing repeated airway obstruction in a six-year-old girl 2020-11-18T03:40:56+00:00 Abdolhamid Amooee Farzan Safi Dahaj Shokouh Taghipour zahir Arezoo Alamdar yazdi 2021-01-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Abdolhamid Amooee, Dr. Farzan Safi Dahaj, Prof. Shokouh Taghipour zahir, Dr. Arezoo Alamdar yazdi